3 Ways Twitter Destroyed My MANAGEMENT Without Me Noticing

The world generates 2.01 billion tonnes of municipal solid waste annually, with at least 33 percent of that—extremely conservatively—not managed in an environmentally safe manner. Worldwide, waste generated per person per day averages 0.74 kilogram but ranges widely, from 0.11 to 4.54 kilograms. Though they only account for 16 percent of the world’s population, high-income countries generate about 34 percent, or 683 million tonnes, of the world’s waste.

When looking forward, global waste is expected to grow to 3.40 billion tonnes by 2050, more than double population growth over the same period. Overall, there is a positive correlation between waste generation and income level. Daily per capita waste generation in high-income countries is projected to increase by 19 percent by 2050, compared to low- and middle-income countries where it is expected to increase by approximately 40% or more. Waste generation initially decreases at the lowest income levels and then increases at a faster rate for incremental income changes at low income levels than at high income levels. The total quantity of waste generated in low-income countries is expected to increase by more than three times by 2050. The East Asia and Pacific region is generating most of the world’s waste, at 23 percent, and the Middle East and North Africa region is producing the least in absolute terms, at 6 percent. However, the fastest growing regions are Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and the Middle East and North Africa, where, by 2050, total waste generation is expected to more than triple, double, and double respectively. In these regions, more than half of waste is currently openly dumped, and the trajectories of waste growth will have vast implications for the environment, health, and prosperity, thus requiring urgent action.

Projected waste generation, by region (millions of tonnes/year)

Projected waste generation, by region (millions of tonnes/year)
Waste collection is a critical step in managing waste, yet rates vary largely by income levels, with upper-middle- and high-income countries providing nearly universal waste collection. Low-income countries collect about 48 percent of waste in cities, but this proportion drops drastically to 26 percent outside of urban areas. Across regions, Sub-Saharan Africa collects about 44 percent of waste while Europe and Central Asia and North America collect at least 90 percent of waste.

Waste collection rates, by income level (percent)

Waste collection rates, by income level (percent)
Waste composition differs across income levels, reflecting varied patterns of consumption. High-income countries generate relatively less food and green waste, at 32 percent of total waste, and generate more dry waste that could be recycled, including plastic, paper, cardboard, metal, and glass, which account for 51 percent of waste. Middle- and low-income countries generate 53 percent and 57 percent food and green waste, respectively, with the fraction of organic waste increasing as economic development levels decrease. In low-income countries, materials that could be recycled account for only 20 percent of the waste stream. Across regions, there is not much variety within waste streams beyond those aligned with income. All regions generate about 50 percent or more organic waste, on average, except for Europe and Central Asia and North America, [ANCHOR_COMES_HERE] – – which generate higher portions of dry waste.

Global waste composition (percent)

Global waste composition (percent)
It is a frequent misconception that technology is the solution to the problem of unmanaged and increasing waste. Technology is not a panacea and is usually only one factor to consider when managing solid waste. Countries that advance from open dumping and other rudimentary waste management methods are more likely to succeed when they select locally appropriate solutions. Globally, most waste is currently dumped or disposed of in some form of a landfill. Some 37 percent of waste is disposed of in some form of a landfill, 8 percent of which is disposed of in sanitary landfills with landfill gas collection systems. Open dumping accounts for about 31 percent of waste, 19 percent is recovered through recycling and composting, and 11 percent is incinerated for final disposal. Adequate waste disposal or treatment, such as controlled landfills or more stringently operated facilities, is almost exclusively the domain of high- and upper-middle-income countries. Lower-income countries generally rely on open dumping; 93 percent of waste is dumped in low-income countries and only 2 percent in high-income countries. Three regions openly dump more than half of their waste—the Middle East and North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, and South Asia. Upper-middle-income countries have the highest percentage of waste in landfills, at 54 percent. This rate decreases in high-income countries to 39 percent, with diversion of 36 percent of waste to recycling and composting and 22 percent to incineration. Incineration is used primarily in high-capacity, high-income, and land-constrained countries.

Global treatment and disposal of waste (percent)

Global treatment and disposal of waste (percent)
Based on the volume of waste generated, its composition, and how it is managed, it is estimated that 1.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent greenhouse gas emissions were generated from solid waste treatment and disposal in 2016, or 5 percent of global emissions. This is driven primarily by disposing of waste in open dumps and landfills without landfill gas collection systems. Food waste accounts for nearly 50% of emissions. Solid waste–related emissions are anticipated to increase to 2.38 billion tonnes of CO2-equivalent per year by 2050 if no improvements are made in the sector.

In most countries, solid waste management operations are typically a local responsibility, and nearly 70 percent of countries have established institutions with responsibility for policy development and regulatory oversight in the waste sector. About two-thirds of countries have created targeted legislation and regulations for solid waste management, though enforcement varies drastically. Direct central government involvement in waste service provision, other than regulatory oversight or fiscal transfers, is uncommon, with about 70 percent of waste services being overseen directly by local public entities. At least half of services, from primary waste collection through treatment and disposal, are operated by public entities and about one-third involve a public-private partnership. However, successful partnerships with the private sector for financing and operations tend to succeed only under certain conditions with appropriate incentive structures and enforcement mechanisms, and therefore they are not always the ideal solution.

Financing solid waste management systems is a significant challenge, even more so for ongoing operational costs than for capital investments, and operational costs need to be taken into account upfront. In high-income countries, operating costs for integrated waste management, including col-lection, transport, treatment, and disposal, generally exceed $100 per tonne. Lower-income countries spend less on waste operations in absolute terms, with costs of about $35 per tonne and sometimes higher, but these countries experience much more difficulty in recovering costs. Waste management is labor intensive and costs of transportation alone are in the range of $20–$50 per tonne. Cost recovery for waste services differs drastically across income levels. User fees range from an average of $35 per year in low-income countries to $170 per year in high-income countries, with full or nearly full cost recovery being largely limited to high-income countries. User fee models may be fixed or variable based on the type of user being billed. Typically, local governments cover about 50 percent of investment costs for waste systems, and the remainder comes mainly from national government subsidies and the private sector.


The modern business environment is very volatile and complex therefore demanding more attention and dedication from entrepreneurs and business executives. If business individuals lack the necessary management skills then their business efforts are most likely to fail because businesses demand that managers make the right decisions in order for them to survive in time of emergency and even in the normal course of business (Baruch, 2004, 114).

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The Next Generation Management module is a module that will enable those interested in management to understand how to manage not only their own business ventures and organizations and also impart sense of social responsibility through attending various lecture, workshops, seminars, and conferences around Dublin. Contemporary management of organizations is not simple and therefore this is why this module will concentrate ensuring that attendees gain skills on:

Personal and Career Development: Competence assessment, planning and development, which is important in ensuring that managers have the ability to attain skills that will assist them to have the necessary skills in both the short run and long run such skills include better decision making capability, better leadership ability, and in turn managers will be able to base their decisions on logic through critical thinking.

Furthermore managers who undergo personal development programs are able to portray self confidence communicate better and even end up being creative due to the flexible approach that they have to tackling organizational issues.

The Next Generation module will also help managers gain ability to appreciate the need of operating with a Global and a societal approach by attending lecturers from renown Nobel Laureate, Dr Chu the discussion made clear that the physical environment was part and parcel of the business environment and therefore needed to be taken care of because if it disintegrates that the economy and human economic activities will also fail.

Additionally, discussions from this part of the model enable students of management appreciate the role of creativity and innovation together with the important role which both agriculture, ethics and Greenpeace plays in the environment.

Research is a crucial part of Next Generation management module because research is able to assist managers gain the right information that will guide their decision making and logical thinking process. Discussions unveiled on the importance of carrying out systematic research and avoiding plagiarism because plagiarism can often affect the outcome of a research and compromise its quality.

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Research is an important part of today’s business environment and therefore it is important to gather and analyze data properly so that the information obtained can be considered useful and assist in decision making( Kourdi 2009, 114). The discussions on research did shed light on Digital media and communication which has become an integral part of organizational and inter-organizational communication.

Managers are therefore required to embrace the emerging communication trends that individuals in the business world are adopting today because they can determine whether an organization performs better or even fails. The acquisition of the right skill set and through continuous learning is crucial for those who intend to become good managers since it helps them realize and even surpass their potential.

With more high-tech devices, mobile technology and software it is necessary for managers to attend various seminars and tutorials and implement continuous learning techniques that will allow them to embrace the latest communication and software trends for the benefit of their organization especially when dealing with consumers (Solomon & Askegaard, 2002, p.44)

Overall Reflection
Managers in any functional area of an organization are expected to run organizations on behalf of the shareholders and produce the expected results it is therefore necessary that managers gather the necessary knowledge from various avenues in order for them to get the necessary skills to help them carry out their functions more successfully and efficiently.

The Next Generation Management gives managers the opportunity by which they can learn more and become better managers through attending a series lecture, workshops, seminars, mini-conferences that aim to encourage, the need to sustain personal development, social responsibility, research skills and communication skills which are an essential part of today’s organizations (Trott 2008, 78).

This module is therefore very important not only for businesses, organizations and managers as individuals but also can be influential in the country’s economy, which aims to increase the output of individuals who are directly linked to the economy of the country.

The economy and the business environment are subject to highly complex variables and all managers including marketing managers should be ready to solve business problems as they present themselves.

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It is therefore necessary for entrepreneurs and leaders to have the necessary management skills so that complex business situations can be solved and situations which often present themselves as problems can be turned into opportunities (Kourdi 2009, 4). By applying leadership skills organizational managers can come across as more effective and make better decisions because their analytical and logical skills can be easily improved as a result of attending discussions of this model.

This module furthermore insists on the importance and priority that should be attached to creativity and innovation at both the individual and society level. Many individuals who haven’t been exposed to teachings of this model may be tempted to ignore the importance of innovation in today’s society.

The Next Generation Management gives the learner the opportunity to expand their mindset to look at the business and economy as part of the globe and the entire global society and therefore initiate solutions that are not only solutions to the problems of the county of Ireland but are also a solution for the entire globe.

When managers operate with global approach they are most likely to make decisions that are more ethical and moral. Today’s business environment is full of scandals and irresponsibility and thus managers are required to put their foot down and make decisions that not only correlate to their interests but also to the interests of the community.

This module enables managers weigh benefits accrued in the short run and compare them to benefits that will be accrued in the long run and factor them in their decision making in order to increase positive outcome. Managers need to discover that business success doesn’t come easy and if they desire to be successful they are required to become very creative and innovative.

Creativity is becoming the backbone of the world’s greatest organizations and the largest economies. Managers are therefore required not only to use their abilities but also gather the views of various subordinates and together work towards developing creative approaches of doing business and reinventing the economy.

The Next Generation module also enabled us understand the importance of taking care of the environment and ensuring that the country remains agriculturally stable in order to ensure that the future of Ireland is secured because food stability is important to the economy of any country.

The destruction of the environment will therefore have a negative toll on the business environment and thus managers should not remain ignorant or arrogant to the environment hence they should struggle to maintain the environment one on one or through environmental organizations such as Greenspan.

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This module provided a platform which made it clear that research should take center stage in improving not only the economy but also businesses. Managers are supposed to carry out research more frequently and vigorously and information gathered from research should be clearly analyzed using packages such as SPSS can be used to assist in the process of decision making.

Managers usually require a lot of facts so that their ability to make carry out analysis and solve problems can be made easier. There are many dangers of plagiarizing work and therefore it is necessary for managers to carry out independent qualitative and quantitative research so that their research can unveil new findings that can help them and their organization carry out innovative changes.

It is thus necessary to use all research tools in order to ensure that the findings of research can turn out to be very useful even when presented to other peers and those who the information as useful. The Next Generation Management gave us the opportunity to appreciate the development in media and communication techniques that are used in today’s commercial environment.

Technological environment have led to many inventions which managers can use to carry out their functions more easily and companies can even collect data from their consumers more easily through socials sites and mobile applications and use this in shaping organizational strategy. Marketing managers for example, can improve on organizational marketing strategy and even increase organizational revenue streams by embracing the role played by technology in the media (Trott, 2008, 103-113).

The introduction of the internet in the business environment is very important to the managers since the managers can use internet search engines to maximize business opportunities for themselves and their organizations, and it is therefore necessary for managers to take technology serious because it is a key success ingredient in today’s business environment.

Enterprise Resource planning is an important part of today’s organizations because it assists organizations to minimize losses and wastage of resources and therefore organizations should also adopt technologies that will allow them to plan on how to optimize the use of their resources.

In conclusion the Next Generation Management module has opened my eyes to the world of strategic management practices, making it clear that success of today’s commercial enterprises depends on how well managers are able to make financial, marketing, human resource and other organizational decisions by adopting innovative techniques.

Personal & Career Development
Good management is necessary for the continued existence and success of commercial organizations; this is because commercial organization and even non commercial organizations usually find themselves in ambiguous situations that require managers to use their skills and talents to direct the organization out of dilemmas.

For managers to successfully plan, staff, control, organize and direct the organization it is necessary that these managers obtain the necessary set of skills that will proof usefully in ensuring that the day to day and long run operations of the organization are carried out smoothly.

Organizations are driven by strategic goals which are enshrined in the mission and vision of the company and it is therefore important to ensure that organizational staff and especially management have their talents and skills fully developed to competently deal with ambiguous situations (Baruch 2004, 44).

While an organizations mission is mostly a vehicle of taking the organization into the future it mainly operates with a short term day to day operation and the vision is usually long-term managers are therefore need to have their personal skills developed for them to make the necessary career decisions effectively.

Most of these skills were developed in a series of seminars and workshops that required managers to go out on their own talk. For example Deloitte conference, assess the value of an idea, CV writing workshop, Bobby Kerr-motivation, coaching speech, Paddy Power – motivation, coaching speech, Attendance of Chinese classes- for personal development, Be involved in tutoring of IT for elderly people, and Improving Yourself-esteem – seminar/workshop.

It is hence clear that managers require their organizations to put in place training and development schedules that will assist their managers require the necessary long-term and short-term skills to effectively carry out their organization responsibilities in today’s turbulent business environment. The following are the most important skills that those who were part of the management module were required to acquire.

The Next Generation Management module required that managers attend lectures, workshops, seminars, mini-conferences and individual development of personal development plan speeches Dublin. The following are some of the necessary shorter skills that managers were able to develop during this Next Generation Management module which were scheduled to take place in a timeframe of 12 months:

Self confidence
Managers are required to operate with a high level of confidence this is because other subordinates look up to them. Hence, if managers do not portray self confidence then subordinates may be forced to doubt his leadership and decision making abilities and this is will therefore affect the organization (Baruch, 2004, 32).

Managers are therefore required to dress, talk and even carry themselves in such a way that portrays that they are highly confident. Managers are required to have a positive image and positive thoughts of hope and possibility and transfer this to subordinates ands clients while interacting in the normal course of business.

Communication is a key part of business and is therefore vital that managers use communication techniques that will ensure all stakeholders are informed in the right time and the right information is given to them. Managers are therefore required to develop skills that will allow them to pass messages with the right tone, mimics, gestures and pronunciation (Corfield 2009, 5).

Managers are also required to have the appropriate presentation skills that will enable the managers carry out oral presentations with high effectiveness not only in official meetings but also social events.

The business environment is volatile and ever changing and it is therefore necessary that managers have the necessary skills that will allow them to be highly flexible especially when organizational changes take place.

Managers are therefore required to be highly radical and use environmental scanning techniques and create the necessary support systems that will enable the organization embrace change. Dynamic managers are more likely to create organizations that smoothly embrace strategic change that is necessary for better performance of the organization.

Creativity/Innovative thinking
It is often the task of managers to make sure that fresh ideas are consistently developed in commercial organizations. A dynamic environment requires new ideas frequently and thus managers are required to be trained to tap into their imagination in order to develop new ideas (Trott, 2008, p.7). Managers are thus encouraged to continuously research read and even attend seminars that will develop their innovative skills.

Self Management
Manager are required to have the necessary skills to prioritize and efficiently allocate resources where they are needed and therefore they need to develop their self management skills. Managers are required to plan in advance and schedule activities within a timeframe and see to it that these events occur as planned.

The Next Generation Management module which was scheduled took place in a timeframe of 12 months also ensured that manager’s personal and career development assisted manager’s gain the following skills.

Managers are supposed to be leaders and be able to influence the behavior of individuals and inspire them to follow the strategic goals of an organization in order to achieve the mission and vision. Managers with up to date leadership skills are able to set goals prioritize and also operate with well defined action plans.

Leaders set an image for the organization and trend for subordinates by ensuring that they have a positive attitude, properly research and have the knowledge and assist subordinates to grasp the fact and process, and this was the aim of the Next Generation Management module.

Managers are required to have the ability to bring subordinates’ together and build relationships through cooperation and mutual respect for the benefit of the organization (Whetton & Camerson 2007, 88). Managers are able to do this by constantly attending seminars, tutorials and social events in order to gain team building skills.

Decision making
Managers are often required to make quick decisions when need arises and hence it in good that managers have the ability to analyze situations with wisdom and make acceptable justifiable solutions that are backed by fact and reason (Beeson 2009, 54). Managers build such capacity through tutorials, seminars and focus on continuous research.

Analytical and Problem solving techniques
Manages are required to use logic and reason in order to ensure that they can effectively resolve difficult matters that are problematic. It is thus very important that managers develop the right potential to handle problematic situations and emerge out of them by using logic and facts to solve problems (Whetton & Camerson, 2007, p.18). Managers are able to acquire this skill through continuous learning and research, concentration and also by attending the right seminars and tutorials.

Global and Societal Awareness
Nobel Laureate Lecture
The Next Generation Management module demanded that we attend seminars and tutorials to assist us as students of contemporary management to get an in-depth experience of why it is necessary for manager’s, businessmen and entrepreneurs to have societal awareness while carrying out their duties.

In one of our lectures at a seminar, the Nobel Laureate Dr Chu and other numerous speakers made it clear that it is important for students of business to know that business activities are usually accompanied by physical impact, because business activities usually depend a lot on the environment for most of its activities to be successful.

Dr Chu made it clear that the operations of businesses and commercial enterprises normally cause climate and environmental changes. He furthermore made it clear that the issue of energy has caused big debate and it is now the high time that researchers encourage industries to use renewable energy sources and re-evaluate energy policies so as to save the planet from further depletion.

The speaker insisted that the downturn and destruction of the environment would most likely lead to the demise of the economy and it is thus necessary to nature the environment and replenish it using technologies that will transform the environment in order for human economic activities to take place.

University of Enterprise: Delivering Ireland’s Next Class of Successful Entrepreneurs.
The future of the economy and of the corporate world definitely depends on how well today’s young entrepreneurs are natured and brought up in order for them to become the best business elite in the future. Modern entrepreneurs are therefore required to be shaped in order for them to become highly dynamic and environmentally conscious.

If the upcoming entrepreneurs are arrogant and ignore the important role the environment plays making their ventures a success then there will be faced with an economic downturn thus entrepreneurs should operate with practices which do not pollute or degrade the environment.

It is thus necessary to prepare entrepreneurs so that they can acquire the necessary knowledge and also have the ability to apply it in the real world (Trott, 2008, p.33). Lectures at the workshop also made it clear those entrepreneurs who continuously learn and take education serious are more likely succeed.

The Long Debate (Inventorium)
This discussion made it clear Creativity and imagination is a key cornerstone of today’s turbulent business environment laying emphasis that the greatest organizations are continuously searching for new creative avenues of doing business and therefore this is why they excel as compared to their counterparts (Trott, 2008, p.16).

The lecturers made it clear that an economy which considers itself as superior and smart must continuously apply more effort towards ensuring that their greatest minds are always working on the next big thing. Ireland is a country of vision and thus has put its best minds towards bringing innovative practices into the country’s economy.

Additionally it is also important for the entire society to create mechanisms for sustaining development but at the same time self-development should not be ignored because it is important to the success of entrepreneurs and organizations. The speaker insisted that if one is expected to be outstanding, it is a must that he/she operates with a mentality that will give his or her venture the stability to be highly creative so that he can use novellus ideas to outshine other competitors.

Climate Change and agriculture
The discussion centered on the importance of agriculture on the economy keeping in mind that one of the most important elements of an economy is the ability of a country to have enough food to feeds it citizens in order for it to move towards industrialization. The current global economy is growing at a faster pace and the environment is becoming depleted due to the careless nature of corporations therefore threatening agricultural activities.

The discussion also revealed that the effects of pollution and deforestation are having a negative effect on the temperatures, rainfall and the quality of the soil therefore having a negative impact on agriculture. If the current trend continues together with effects of population explosion then it is more likely that the global economy and entrepreneurial efforts will also be affected and therefore innovative methods like green houses must be introduced in order to increase food production.

Personal Ethics
The discussion made it clear that ethics provide a basis by which individuals are able to determine what is right or wrong. Ethics are governed by moral values and what may be morally ethical in Ireland may not be necessarily ethical in any other part of the world.

The discussion further revealed that what is lawful is not necessarily ethical and that individuals are normally torn between loyalty and the truth or even sometimes on maters to do with personal interest verses community interest therefore affecting their decisions. It is therefore true to conclude ethics is strictly personal and thus individuals must evaluate the possible consequences of their actions/decisions and if the results are have more harm that good to the society abandon them.

The business environment is for example involved with decisions that aim to increase benefit of the organization but it is necessary that managers and entrepreneurs apply ethical principles while making business decisions. Managers and entrepreneurs’ should apply wisdom and not only look at a short-term view but also take a long-term approach while making business decisions.

This discussion was based around the numerous numbers of non governmental organizations that have dedicated their efforts towards restoring the sanctity of the environment that has come about as the result of human activity. The discussion revealed that Greenpeace is a non governmental organization that funds its activities using donations, the organization aims to restore flora and fauna and make earth a better place by reducing environment destruction.

Entrepreneurs and business executives are aware of the toll that their business activities have on the environment and therefore it is important for them to use their corporate social responsibility arm by donating and funding activities of such bodies with the aim of having the environment restored.

The advantage of having such organizations around is that these organizations promote responsible behavior by adjusting the attitudes of human beings who are responsible of exploiting natural resources. The organization has hence achieved a lot through its operations which spread in over 40 countries in the world, making it a very important part of the global society.

Research skills are important for today’s managers, the business environment is highly volatile and organizations are faced with problems and thereby managers and employees need to have the ability to carry out research in order to assist management to make important decisions based on factual findings (McGivern, 2006, p123).

It is thus necessary for individuals to adhere to ethics and ensure that any research that they carry out is not plagiarized. Every research is unique in its own way and it is hence necessary to carry out research diligently and base the findings and recommendations based on the findings of the research (Hogan, Dolan, & Donnellly, 2009, p.16).

Discussions in the Next Generation Management module made it clear that if a researcher carries out research and for what ever reasons decides to replicate findings by borrowing from the works of another researcher it will be necessary that the researcher acknowledge all sources where he/she borrowed from.

Plagiarism is not only illegal but it can also be misleading in some instances and thereby compromise any strategic decisions that managers make especially in commercial organizations. It is therefore necessary for researchers to be highly disciplined and carry out their literature review properly by consulting and acknowledging the various sources of their information.

Once researcher has gathered the necessary data it then becomes their responsibility to interpret and arrange the data in such a way that it will serve the main objective of their research. The researcher must find the most suitable way to analyze their data so that it can make sense to the audience which it was intended for (Kourdi, 2009, p.38).

Many researchers conduct their research so that they can provide useful information that can be used by not only other peers but also by those in the business environment in order to assist managers in their decision making process. This is therefore the main reason which always drives researchers to carry out research in order to have them published and reviewed by their peers.

When a particular writer’s research is highly appreciated and commended by peers then a researcher feels a sense of pride and therefore will continue to expound on his research by carrying out other works. Strategic decisions especially branding and product decisions made by marketing managers are not guess work but rather they are based on academic foundations that are normally obtained from various peer reviews and published sources.

If this published work and peer reviews were absent then it would make it hard to know which research findings were more correct and therefore justifiable, this fact would make it quite hard for business managers to carry out decision making because they would simply doubt the facts that were presented in front of them. Peer review enables various researches which are published undergo vigorous scrutiny and therefore ascertain the validity of their contributing to the various disciplines they claim to have authority over.

SPSS is a software package that enables individuals carrying out research quantify their findings and make the most suitable conclusions hence, making useful information out of the data (Burrell, and Morgan, 1979, p.13) The discussion of the Next Generation Management module made it clear that this software is very important in the field of social sciences.

When researchers want to carry out social researches and even analyze demographic data this package becomes a very important part of their research due to its ability to accept quantitative data and summarize it in the form of graphs, pie charts and even pictographs (McGivern, 2006, p 43).

Marketing activities of such organizations usually require a lot of research that requires demographic analysis and thus manager’s end up using this package to make the necessary deductions that are crucial in formulating marketing strategy (Burrell, & Morgan,1979, p.98).

It thus becomes clear that in the absence of this package then managers would be subjected to a more tiresome ways of analyzing data that is collected using questionnaires. It is thus necessary for managers who intend to become good researchers to quickly learn and frequently use this package in order to have more factual information that is good for decision making within the organization.

The Next Generation Module discussion also made it clear that the research process can only be successful if the right techniques are used by managers to construct the moist appropriate questionnaires. Faulty questionnaires will most likely compromise the entire research process and it is therefore important for a manager/researcher to clearly define the purpose of his research and thus generate questionnaire questions that are specific and appropriate for the research at hand (Burns & Burns, 2008,p.63-67).

If the questionnaire is compromised then the findings will most likely also be compromised and such events will in turn the decisions which managers make in the long run. Dublin buss is able to accurately construct its questionnaires in order to gather satisfaction data from its customers and use this information to justify any strategic changes (Solomon & Askegaard, 2002, p.17).

Digital Skills, Media & Communication
The need for individuals within the business community and the economy to communicate is very important and plays a big role in determining the success or failure of the organizations which they run, it thus has become very necessary that individuals within the business industry to dedicate resources and adopt the use of web technologies such as CSS3 & HTML5 in order to maximize the potential of their business ventures.

Web technologies are thus very essential because they enable companies and organizations develop websites that are a very important part of communication and business considering the web is sometimes necessary for financial transactions and exchange of goods and services to occur (Hoffman & Novak, 2000).

Managers within functional areas of I.T and marketing should make sure that the individuals who are responsible for using web technologies have the necessary programming skills that enable them program and develop websites efficiently by getting rid of redundant coding technologies.

The Discussion by Mike Schroepfer, Facebook VP of engineering, enabled the participants understand that computer science developments play a very big role towards defining the level of innovation among many industries and especially businesses.

Computer science enables managers develop the necessary innovations that are necessary in project management and also plays a big role towards ensuring that people around the world are connected to each other therefore enabling a lot of opportunities to be realized (Payne & Peck, 2003, p.87).

Business managers and marketers especially should ensure while using such technologies that the parameters are customized in such a way that the end consumers find it suitable for their use. As much as individuals usually resist change, it is the duty of managers to work hand in hand with the society to help them embrace change that will result to more positive outcome.

As much as consumers and majority of businesses are embracing the digital age that has most of its activities going on over the internet, managers are thus expected to have the necessary minimum skills that will enable them embrace the digital world that has become inseparable for businesses ( Kourdi, 2009. P.188-190). Majority of business activities and especially marketing activities have forced marketing managers to formulate digital strategies that will enable them carry their business activities on the net.

Web 2.0 technologies has taken the concept of social marketing to another height thereby pushing a lot of consumer traffic to the net and therefore companies are even distributing, promoting and marketing their products using viral marketing techniques. Blogging sites have now become a part of the social revolution on the internet thus demanding managers to develop strategies that will enable their products and brands gain good images and ratings in the social media of the internet.

A while back, mobile phones were just used for communication by marketers and managers, thanks to the numerous mobile phone applications that run on smartphones such as IPhone and Android enabled hand sets consumers have a direct link to the worldwide web and business products just on the click of a button.

With these facts unveiled managers are supposed to get rid of mobile any obstacles that hinder the enhancement of doing business between organizations by developing programs and applications that will make it easy and more convenient for consumers to conduct business with their mobiles. Numerous businesses around the world are increasing their business potential and realizing many revenue streams as a result of embracing and integrating the use of mobile applications into their business models.

Search optimization technology is very important as far as using web applications is concerned and a company’s website may simply have low traffic and low transactions if the wrong approach was used by developers and I.T specialists in order to set up a website (Windham, 2001, p.145).

Website developers thus have no option but to work hand in hand with all functional managers in order to ensure that the right key words are used while developing websites so that when consumers/clientele go online their websites are more likely to have more chances of being accessed by consumers who wish to purchase products or access company information.

I.T department plays a very big role in ensuring that organizations communicate with the entire world and it is therefore up to them to adopt the latest technologies such as cloud computing technology in order to take their organizations into the next level and make it more easier for customers to use the web to interact with the organization (Hoffman & Novak, 2000).

If organizations fail to use technology to store appropriate consumers data and manage organizational resources then it will become hard for this organizations to maximize their business opportunities. As technologies become obsolete and as new technologies become more usable the I.T experts are required to ensure that the transition between technologies is smooth and doesn’t affect the organization negatively.

Software used within organizations is used in order to help organizations manage resources and run operations with a high degree of efficiency. Many organizations are adopting the use of Enterprise Resource Planning Technology with the aim that the software will assist the organization through its managers prevent the wastage of resource through optimizing the use of resources within the organization.

The introduction of such software enables organization plan its sales and revenue streams at a high and also reduce any unnecessary cost thereby saving organizations from unnecessary loses.

The role of software in business cannot be ignored and if the level of software innovation within Ireland decreases, so will the performance of organization and the economy.

It is thus necessary for stakeholders to invest in the future of the Irish software industry and ensure that innovation is sustained because if they fail to do this then the growth of the Irish economy and other related industries will also be compromised.

The development of new software is vital towards sustain sales and competitive intelligence of many industries and thus continuous and consistent research should be carried out in order to make sure the Irish software industry stays ahead within the markets needs.

5 Tools You Need for Demolition

Demolition is a messy and sometimes dangerous part of any home renovation. Simply taking down that wall to achieve the desirable open floor plan may not be quite as easy as it sounds. While it may be tempting to go at the wall with a sledgehammer best-romantic-vacations, that’s not always the prudent thing to do. Demolition creates a lot of dust, broken drywall, and shattered wood and brick. Depending on what you’re demolishing, you may need to use different tools to finish the job. But unlike carpentry, you can typically get most demo jobs done with a few select implements. We’ll take a look at five different tools you’ll likely need if you’re taking on a demolition project at your home.


Not all demo work requires the heavy hand of a sledgehammer. You can do some serious damage to your gas, water, and cable lines if you go in swinging. Buy a few different screwdrivers unarespuesta to help with the more delicate work. Taking apart electrical outlets and switches is always the first part of a wall demo and you can’t do that with a sledgehammer. Screwdrivers are also good for taking up small pieces of wood flooring and tile when you aren’t removing the entire floor. Buy a long flat head, a standard-sized flat head, and at least one Phillips head screwdriver. That should cover you in most situations. The chisel ends of the flat head screwdriver can act like a small, lightweight pry bar as well.

Safety Equipment

All of this messy demolition requires what could be perceived as the most important tools in demolition — safety equipment. This is an absolute must, as demolition can be the most dangerous part of a renovation project. Start with a good prepaidify pair of work gloves, something with leather palms that will help prevent blisters and protect your hands. You also need to get some safety goggles. Flying debris can easily send you to the hospital if it gets near your eyes. Make sure you get something comfortable so you won’t mind wearing them for hours at a time. It may seem like overkill, but wearing a helmet for demolition work above your head is simply smart. You may not win any fashion contests, but you’ll be glad when that two by four with a nail sticking out of it comes down on your noggin. The final thing you should buy is a good respirator and some cotton masks. Use the thin masks when you have simple dust, and kick it up to the respirator when there could be harmful airborne chemicals present, like asbestos or lead paint.

San Angelo Bar

It’s kind of like a pry bar and sort of like a spear. It’s also extremely heavy. You’ve probably seen these in your hardware store and confused it with a medieval weapon. Standing 72 inches (183 centimeters) and weighing in at 17 pounds (7.7 kilograms), this high-carbon hexagonal steel javelin-like bar is definitely a heavy hitter. It’s a pretty basic tool — it has a sharp point on one end and a chisel on the other. You can use the San Angelo’s chisel end to get up stubborn floor tiles or chip away at stubborn red clay. If you have some concrete that needs busting, drive the pointed end down with some brute force and watch it break apart before your eyes. The San Angelo isn’t for delicate jobs and because of its weight, you won’t want to use it on anything but the flooring.


If you have a tough demolition job ahead of you, you’re going to need a few different options for hammer time. Start with a standard claw hammer. This classic tool can do small pry jobs when a crowbar isn’t necessary as well as take out buried nails. It’s also good for knocking small holes in drywall when you’re looking for power, water, or gas lines. The next step up is the heavy hammer, also called a mini-sledgehammer. It’s about the size of a claw hammer but has a heavy sled head for stubborn tasks. This hammer is also great for knocking wood support beams and interior framing. The final piece of the hammer puzzle is the full-sized sledgehammer. When you need the extra weight for brickwork, nothing else will do.

Pry Bars

There aren’t many demolition jobs around that don’t require the use of a crowbar at some point, so it’s a good place to start when collecting demo tools. A well-placed crowbar can safely pry almost any kind of nailed wood. It can also be handy for taking up old tile and wood flooring and pulling out stubborn nails. Pry bars come in all sizes, but two carefully selected ones should get you started. Buy one medium-sized S-shaped crowbar, something between 18 inches and 2 feet (46 to 61 centimeters). That will be tough enough to pull up most any interior framing wood. Also buy a smaller, flat pry bar. Stanley Tools makes the “Wonder Bar” — a tool that will benefit almost any demo job. It’s lightweight and durable, and because of its flat shape, it can get into tight spaces that a crowbar can’t. You’ll also need a claw hammer to use along with each of these.

decor furniture

Top 5 organizing tips for your home

We could try to say that the way in to a blissful home is the right association. At the point when your house is clean, slick and all things where they should be, your psyche will in general see it as an unwinding, calm zone. Furthermore, can we just be real, we as a whole need this feeling frantically! In any case, this is maybe far from simple or easy as a significant number of us have occupations and families, which takes up a ton of our valuable time, apparently leaving us with no time for cleaning as well as getting sorted out. That is where we come in – investigate a few helpful hints on getting sorted out your home that we’ve gathered for every one individuals who need to figure out how to be more coordinated. Beneficially, when you coordinate everything in your home (it will require some investment once you start), you simply have to keep up with the framework and you’ll be good to go and coordinated.

Figure everything out

Probably the best home association hacks start with figuring everything out. This is significant in all rooms, however we could say that we generally have the most things to figure out in a high-traffic region like the kitchen. The principal thing you want to learn is that it’s more functional to keep things close to the spot you use them in. For instance, it’s more productive to keep pots and dish close to the cooker and blending utensil on the ledge, likewise close to the cooker, as that is where you most often use them. With regards to apparatuses, these days we have an excessive number of them, and despite the fact that every one of them are very helpful and valuable, we don’t utilize them in a similar way. Thus, what you can do is place the ones that you utilize consistently, for instance, a coffeemaker and a toaster oven on top of the counters, while you can store the ones you don’t utilize so frequently in one of the cupboards. Another extraordinary association tip says that you ought to keep things that are indistinguishable together. That implies all flavors on similar rack or in similar cabinet, wooden utensils in a similar container, etc – you understand. Apply similar standard to the other rooms.

Get innovative and viable with stockpiling choices

Different capacity choices can undoubtedly make you the lord or sovereign of association and slick home. This is the moment that you really want to utilize your exploration and inventiveness abilities to learn about the conceivable stockpiling choices as well as how to apply them effectively to your home. Capacity is of high quintessence in the kitchen. Ensure your cupboards are isolated productively into pragmatic retires that can without much of a stretch store all the kitchenware. Remember that you ought to keep everything that you utilize much of the time on the base, effectively reachable racks while you can store things you don’t utilize so frequently at the top racks. Involving transparent compartments for putting away pasta, flavors and other kitchen fixings can help you in evaluating the stock all the more rapidly. The capacity strategy that can assist you in better association and save with separating is settling. That implies setting similar dishes and plates one on top of the other. Use bushels, canisters and open racking any place conceivable to gathering and sort things.

Dispose of messiness

Disposing of a wide range of messiness is fundamental to run a perfectly coordinated home. We will more often than not store and keep such countless things in our home. We are persuaded that we will utilize them, and some way or another we don’t wind up doing as such. That is the reason it’s critical to do a re-evaluation of the multitude of things occasionally. That implies bringing a look into our, as a rule, over-stacked storage room and throwing out the things we haven’t worn for a year. That is a helpful guideline and you can apply it to shoes, sacks and different embellishments too. The odds are good that we won’t wear them once more on the off chance that we haven’t worn them for a year. Additionally, dispose of any terminated beauty care products and cosmetics. Do likewise in the kitchen – you needn’t bother with every one of the messed up and old pots. At the point when you clean up along these lines and follow some essential house keeping tips, your house makes certain to look immaculate, without a lot of exertion consistently.

Set everything back straight

Taking care of all that back assists you with keeping the wreck and mess in your home to a base. After you wrap up utilizing something specific, make sure to take care of it back. It very well may be hard toward the start, yet when you become accustomed to it, you’ll do it naturally, without any hesitation. What’s more, in the event that something doesn’t have a spot yet, make a spot for it.

Set up and adhere to an everyday daily schedule

An everyday schedule implies doing a few essential things that don’t take up a lot within recent memory and that helps our home look slick and coordinated. Day to day schedule undertakings normally remember making your bed for the morning, cleaning the sink following being utilized, doing the clothing when there’s some, drying it and taking care of it right away, cleaning after yourself and putting everything where it should be. So basic but so powerful.

When you begin pondering the ways of getting sorted out your home better and learn about a pragmatic ways of doing as such, the thoughts and motivation will just come and you’ll wind up with a conveniently coordinated home everybody can begrudge you on.

Security Security Guard

How to Hire a Security Guard

Imagine yourself entering a structure or property of almost any sort — a school, office park, business focus, retirement local area, lodging complex, amusement office, or government office. Could you at any point picture the primary individual who welcomes you? Without a doubt, it’s a safety officer.

Nowadays, except if you’re an exceptionally new startup or a private company, on the off chance that you don’t as of now have a safety officer, you really want one. Assuming you have heaps of pedestrian activity, house costly products, or work in a horror area, then, at that point, nearby security is a reasonable venture.

As you’ve chosen now is the ideal time to figure out how to recruit a safety officer, the five stages underneath can assist you with arranging your quest for this vital recruit.

Think about How as a Security Guard Will Fit Into Your Work Setting

One size doesn’t fit all with regards to security officials. In the event that you’re recruiting a safety officer for a primary school or a senior living perplexing, then an up-and-comer with an amicable and congenial way is fundamental. Be that as it may, assuming you’re employing somebody to monitor significant products in a horror area, you’ll need somebody who conveys authority, while likewise showing a proper measure of restriction in high-stress circumstances.

A few settings expect nonstop security. Occupants in an arranged local area are probably going to anticipate 24-hour security. On-location security can be a compelling obstacle to wrongdoing, particularly in the event that your business is situated in a horror area, and especially assuming costly hardware or product is housed anywhere nearby. Knowing how to enlist a safety officer is additionally an unquestionable requirement on the off chance that you sell or store liquor.

Conclude How You Will Equip a Security Guard

One of the main inquiries you should pose to yourself prior to posting a task is whether you think you really want a safety officer who is outfitted. On the off chance that you conclude you need your safety officer to be equipped, they should get a grant to convey a gun. You will likewise need to choose if you will outfit your security officials’ uniform, gun, and other hardware.

In certain states, safety officers need to go through exceptional preparation and acquire an authentication. In the event that security officials locally don’t require accreditation and are not expected to finish gun preparing, you might need to require these affirmations at any rate. On the off chance that your favored up-and-comer isn’t confirmed, paying for the certificate can area of strength for me to get your favored applicant.

Step by step instructions to Hire a Security Guard: Writing a Job Description

Now that you’ve considered how your setting will decide a portion of the key elements you are searching for, now is the ideal time to compose a set of working responsibilities for a safety officer. Start your set of working responsibilities with a couple of sentences about the setting. Try to portray what makes the association your next safety officer will be a piece of unique.

Next, you will need to list their likely obligations, for example,

Welcoming guests, having them sign into a visitor book or guest log and guiding them to their objective.
Keeping up with wellbeing systems.

  • Checking passages and ways out.
  • Checking wellbeing and observation hardware.
  • Coordinating traffic and actually taking a look at qualifications.
  • Announcing inconsistencies.
  • Confining or limiting intruders until policing.
  • Creating emergency plans and lockdown drills.
  • Chronicling information from surveillance cameras.
  • Ensuring all alerts are cutting-edge and working appropriately.
  • Undertaking edge checks.
  • Finishing composed reports after each shift.

Then, you’ll need to show a portion of the abilities and character qualities you are looking for in a safety officer. For instance, since they are in many cases the principal individual the public sees after entering your office, they ought to be gracious and proficient. They likewise should be ready under tension and fit for staying levelheaded in hazardous circumstances.

Your set of working responsibilities ought to incorporate advantages and a compensation range. You can utilize Monster’s free compensation apparatus to decide on fair pay locally. End with a source of inspiration, empowering candidates to present a resume or finish up an application. For additional thoughts on the most proficient method to employ a safety officer and compose your set of working responsibilities, you can peruse Monster’s safety officer work postings.

Ask the Right Interview Inquiries

Whenever you’ve restricted your candidate pool to a couple of promising competitors, it’s essential to utilize your screening to get a feeling of what their identity is, what they are worth, and how really they can impart. To guarantee that your top candidates show restraint, limited, and honesty, pose inquiries that survey the ability to understand people on a profound level.

You’ll likewise need to Include social inquiries that pose to how they would answer normal situations that could occur throughout a shift. Their responses ought to match how you’d believe that a security official addressing your business should answer. For instance, you could inquire:

  • What security practices could you follow to bring down risk?
  • How might you manage a guest who would not follow security conventions?
  • How might you de-raise what is going on?
  • How do you have any idea about when now is the right time to call for policing?

Run a Background and Reference Check

Since moral collaborations and genuineness are critical characteristics in a safety officer, it is vital to run a historical verification and contact references, including previous managers. Ask previous businesses and associates open-finished inquiries to get a feeling of how the competitor acts in an expert setting, assuming that they have solid relational abilities, and how they are at taking care of issues and managing unforeseen conditions.

In the event that they need to utilize an organization vehicle to watch the property, you will need to make sure that they have a legitimate driver’s permit and a perfect driving record. The security of your property, clients, and representatives may some time or another rely upon the individual you recruit, so cautious verifying in fundamental.

Since it has become so obvious How to Hire a Security Guard, Use a Free Job Post to Secure Your Next Hire
You’ve taken in the five vital stages of recruiting a certified, reliable safety officer to safeguard your property and representatives. Since it is now so obvious how to enlist a safety officer, now is the right time to kick the recruiting system off with a free work posting from Monster.